In an era of clues becoming unraveled daily about our human origins and ethnic ancestry, it's important to bring up research that has lately been swept under the rug. This is a topic that requires patience and attention to gain an honest understanding. I bring up this debate of worldviews amid our ever-present culture war in complete grace. My new large-scale historical non-fiction currently being written is titled Providence and the North American Indian. It is a piece of work that brings a topic front-and-center that has not been thoroughly explored since early 20th century’s Edward S. Curtis wrote The North American Indian. Even further, it’s a topic not explored since John Eliot preached to the Indigenous tribes of New England in the early 1600s.
There is a special relationship, cloaked under a blanket of misinformation, between the nation of Israel and the North American Indian. Over four centuries ago (400 years), it was widely theorized that the Indigenous peoples of the New World were part of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel. The unique relationship that is uncovered is shockingly similar. There is certain evidence that should be presented, and it will arguably be pushed back against by some individuals as well. Let's start by certain similarities in religious understanding that God indeed created the world, and also came down to destroy civilization.
Archaeologist Ron Wyatt explains, “The Aztec nation, located in southern Mexico, claimed they had lived somewhere in northwestern Mexico or the southwestern US for over 1,000 years before migrating south sometime in the 1000s or 1100s AD. Most of our knowledge of these people comes from the Aztec sacred books, known as ‘codices’, which were kept in their temples and which the native Aztec historians used when they wrote their chronicles. In the first half of the 1500’s, the Aztec chieftain Ixtlilxochitl, wrote Ixtlilxochitl Relaciones, a history relating the archives of his family and the ancient writings of his Aztec nation.” He claims they were descendants to the Toltecs, who had passed down the following tale. In this account, Ixtlilxochitl presents the most complete and accurate account of the flood and events at Babel that have ever been found in any ancient civilization other than the Biblical account:
“It is found in the histories of the Toltecs that this age and first world, as they call it, lasted 1716 years; that men were destroyed by tremendous rains and lightning from the sky, and even all the land without the exception of anything, and the highest mountains, were covered up and submerged in water ‘caxtolmolatli’ (translated to read ‘fifteen cubits’); and here they added other fables of how men came to multiply from the few who escaped from this destruction in a ‘toptlipetlocali;’ that this word nearly signifies a close chest; and how, after men had multiplied, they erected a very high ‘zacuali’, which is to-day a tower of great height, in order to take refuge in it should the second world (age) be destroyed. Presently their languages were confused, and not being able to understand each other, they went to different parts of the earth….” 
The Los Lunas Inscription (The Decalogue Stone)
The Los Lunas Inscription is an abridged version of the Decalogue or Ten Commandments, carved into the flat face of a large boulder resting on the side of Hidden Mountain, near Los Lunas, New Mexico, about 35 miles south of Albuquerque. The language is Hebrew, and the script is the Old Hebrew alphabet, with a few Greek letters mixed in. The stone was found originally in the 1880's.
In 1996, Prof. James D. Tabor of the Dept. of Religious Studies, University of North Carolina - Charlotte, interviewed the late Professor Frank Hibben (1910-2002), a retired University of New Mexico archaeologist, "who is convinced that the inscription is ancient and thus authentic. He reports that he first saw the text in 1933. At the time it was covered with lichen and patination and was hardly visible. He was taken to the site by a guide who had seen it as a boy, back in the 1880s." (Tabor 1997)
At present the inscription itself is badly chalked and scrubbed up. However, Moorehouse compares the surviving weathering on the inscription to that on a nearby modern graffito dating itself to 1930. He concludes that the Decalogue inscription is clearly many times older than this graffito, and that 500 to 2000 years would not be an unreasonable estimate of its age.
The inscription uses Greek tau, zeta, delta, eta, and kappa (reversed) in place of their Hebrew counterparts taw, zayin, daleth, heth, and caph, indicating a Greek influence, as well as a post-Alexandrian date, despite the archaic form of aleph used. The letters yodh, qoph, and the flat-bottomed shin have a distinctively Samaritan form, suggesting that the inscription may be Samaritan in origin. See Lidzbarski (1902), Purvis (1968).
Further evidence of a Hellenistic or Byzantine influence on Los Lunas is provided by Archaeologist Skupin in 1989. He analyzes the orthographic errors of the Los Lunas text itself, and concludes that it appears to have been written by a person whose primary language was Greek, who had a secondary, but verbal, comprehension of Hebrew.
The two apparent challenges to this physical evidence of Native Americans being related by DNA to the Ancient Hebrew Israelites are a) carbon dating, and b) the argument that the Paleo-Hebrew etchings are not made to perfection, as would be expected by sacred Jewish scribes of the ancient era. 
*NOTE: My defense of the Biblical account of Dispersion stands opposite to this critical theory of Carbon Dating--which has been proven non-accurate and actually works for Biblical evidence, and not against it. Paleo-Hebrew etchings not made to perfection as explained above is completely logical. The author who sketched the stone spoke Greek (which was as common as English in the Biblical era--even in differing continents), and knew verbal expressions of Hebrew itself. From my own private research and regardless of the critics, the Indigenous North American Indians are certainly related by DNA to the Ancient Hebrew Israelite Jews.
The Decalogue (Artifact)
In November of 1860, David Wyrick of Newark, Ohio found an inscribed stone in a burial mound about 10 miles south of Newark. The stone is inscribed on all sides with a condensed version of the Ten Commandments or Decalogue, in a peculiar form of post-Exilic square Hebrew letters. The robed and bearded figure on the front is identified as Moses in letters fanning over his head.
The inscription is carved into a fine-grained black stone that only appears to be brown in the accompanying overexposed color photographs. It has been identified by geologists Ken Bork and Dave Hawkins of Denison University as limestone; a fossil crinoid stem is visible on the surface, and the stone reacts strongly to HCl. It is definitely not black alabaster or gypsum as previously reported here.
According to James L. Murphy of Ohio State University, the limestone used was not an immediately local raw resource, however, we need not look any farther than the next county over to find a potential source for the stone, contrary to the previous assertion here that such limestone is not common in Ohio.
The inscribed stone was found inside a sandstone box, smooth on the outside, and hollowed out within to exactly hold the stone. The Decalogue inscription begins at the non-alphabetic symbol at the top of the front, runs down the left side of the front, around every available space on the back and sides, and then back up the right side of the front to end where it begins, as though it were to be read repetitively. 
The Keystone (Artifact)
Several months earlier, in June of 1860, Wyrick had found an additional stone, also inscribed in Hebrew letters. This stone, shown above, is popularly known as the "Keystone" because of its general shape. However, it is too rounded to have actually served as a keystone. It was apparently intended to be held with the knob in the right hand, and turned to read the four sides in succession, perhaps repetitively. It might also have been suspended by the knob for some purpose. Although it is not pointed enough to have been a plumb bob, it could have served as a pendulum.
The material of the Keystone has been identified, probably by geologist Charles Whittlesey immediately after its discovery, as novaculite, a very hard fine-grained siliceous rock used for whetstones.
Click here to view the inscriptions on the four sides:
Qedosh Qedoshim, "Holy of Holies"
Melek Eretz, "King of the Earth"
Torath YHWH, "The Law of God"
Devor YHWH, "The Word of God"
Wyrick found the Keystone within what is now a developed section of Newark, at the bottom of a pit adjacent to the extensive ancient Hopewellian earthworks there (c. 100 BC - 500 AD). Although the pit was surely ancient, and the stone was covered with 12-14" of earth, it is impossible to say when the stone fell into the pit. (See Wyrick's map of the Newark earthworks below.) It is therefore not inconceivable that the Keystone is genuine but somehow modern.
The letters on the Keystone are nearly standard Hebrew, rather than the very peculiar alphabet of the Decalogue stone. These letters were already developed at the time of the Dead Sea Scrolls (circa 200-100 B.C.), and so are broadly consistent with any time frame from the Hopewellian era to the present. For the past 1000 years or so, Hebrew has most commonly been written with vowel points and consonant points that are missing on both the Decalogue and Keystone. The absence of points is therefore suggestive, but not conclusive, of an earlier date.
The Hebrew letter shin is most commonly made with a V-shaped bottom. The less common flat-bottomed form that appears on the first side of the Keystone may provide some clue as to its origin. The exact wording of the four inscriptions may provide additional clues. 
Today, both the Decalogue Stone and Keystone, or "Newark Holy Stones," as they are known, are on display in the Johnson-Humrickhouse Museum in Roscoe Village, 300 Whitewoman St., Coshocton, Ohio. Phone (740) 622-8710 for hours.
Daniel L. Smith,
 "Myths of the Americas." Wyatt Archaeological Research. Last modified September 11, 2011. https://wyattmuseum.com/mythsof-the-americas/2011-591.
 "Los Lunas NM Decalogue Inscription." College of Arts and Sciences |Accessed January 31, 2021. https://www.asc.ohio-state.edu/mcculloch.2/arch/loslunas.html.
 "The Newark "Holy Stones"." College of Arts and Sciences |Accessed January 31, 2021. https://www.asc.ohio-state.edu/mcculloch.2/arch/decalog.html.
“My only hope of salvation is the infinite, transcendent love of God manifested to the world by the death of His Son upon the cross. Nothing but His blood will wash away my sins. I rely exclusively upon it. Come, Lord Jesus! Come quickly!” – Benjamin Rush, Signer of the Declaration of Independence.
“The general principles upon which the Fathers achieved independence were the general principles of Christianity are as eternal and immutable as the existence and attributes of God.” – John Adams, Second President of the United States.
“He who made all men hath made the truths necessary to human happiness obvious to all… Our forefathers opened the Bible to all.” – Samuel Adams, Signer of the Declaration of Independence.
Over the course of the last decade or so, many people have attempted to dismiss the fact that America was founded upon the Biblical principles of Judeo-Christianity, all the attempts in the world to revise history will never, ever, change the facts. Those who take the time to examine the original writings, diaries, personal letters, biographies, and publicly made statements, would be shocked to quickly recognize the Christian worldview behind the individuals who were instrumental in planting the Christian-American roots of liberty. In further looking into the writings and biographies of these individuals, you will see a heavy-handed use of quotes. These quotes evidence the reach of how the Christian worldview would influence their daily thinking and lives.
So, here’s the stump in the road. Arguments of how not all the Founding Fathers were Christian have been common, and it's true. It is clear that not all were followers of Christ. The point here is that even those who were not of the faith were completely influenced by the principles of Christianity. It is this fundamental mind-set that allowed for the shaping of America’s political ideas. It really becomes possible to become so distracted with whether individuals such as Thomas Jefferson or Ben Franklin put their personal faith in Jesus Christ, that one completely misses the fact that the Founders all thought from the Biblical worldview, that is, the Christian lens—whether they believed it or not.
The overall Christian consensus in colonial America helped to shape the Founders views and thinking when writing the founding documents and nations laws. This all resulted in the Republic that we all live in today. Here, the Declaration of Independence was specific in identifying the source of all authority, and rights, as “Their Creator,” and then emphasized on the that individual human rights were God-given and not man-made. As a result, there would be no king, queen, or emperor, nor would there be just one established state religion. Because of this simple direction, there would be no tyrant to stand in the way of human liberty---or self-respect, which are uniquely Judeo-Christian.
Most historians do not consider the “Founding Fathers” to the fifty-five delegates to the Constitutional Convention, this core-group of individuals painted a picture of the Christian sentiments of those who shaped the political roots of America. So let’s investigate the matter of public record here. The delegates included:
28 Episcopalians, 8 Presbyterians, 7 Congregationalists, 2 Lutherans, 2 Dutch Reformed, 2 Methodists, 2 Roman Catholics, 1 Unknown, and 3 Deists (Deists believe that God is impersonal and left earth to man to run its course). So, a whopping 93% were members of the Christian church and 100% of them were completely influenced by the Biblical worldview of government and humanity.
In just a brief study of the Founding Fathers last wills and testaments, you should be convinced that their own personal declarations were backed by strong Biblical beliefs. Now add to that their personal accounts concerning their utmost faith in Jesus Christ. Throw in their roles in leadership, the guiding of many Bible societies, their participation in ministry… the evidence is overwhelming.
You can see more for yourself here:
The Founding Documents, Declaration of Independence - What does it mean?
Daniel L. Smith,
Over time there have been many questions into why the United States of America even supports Israel and its political interests in the first place. Many Americans today cast Israel aside without thinking twice about the worlds first true God-given nation. Just recently, a man who was speaking publicly in Washington DC mentioned, "God created Israel because he loved man, man created America because they [man] loved God." There is a reason that this was stated, and it's because of where the history lies.
Call it organic history. It's a rich history. It's a national history so deep, that it's in the Bible. It's a nation however that's been actively slandered by many who are very unaware of the past--both ancient and recent. This is the resulting thought process of secularized history. Is it unreasonable to believe Christianity being in rapid decline for the last 60 years parallel the lack of support for Israel? Yes, it sure does. And there really is an honest answer behind this whole Israeli-American international relationship. As the Bible mentions, it was political boundaries that were established here--before any other nation on earth.
First, look at the original Twelve Tribes of Israel. Now, look at the current map of Israel today.
Over time, Persia would end up establishing its massive Dynasty and the later, Alexander the Great of Macedonia (Greece), would take a bite out of Persia's strategy in overall dominance and influence. Wars have always been fought since the Fall of Man (read Genesis). When wars occur, boundaries change. Let's look at the history here as evidenced by maps over time:
First, look at Ancient Persia (Iran). Now, look at the current map of Iran (Persia).
As you can see with traditional historical Christian presuppositions in place, there are reasons why Christian-American's have always supported Israelis' territorial and cultural integrity. It is because foundationally, there is an original boundary line for the first nation. The maps above are just a visual representation into why there is territorial and cultural disputes between modern-day Israel and the rest of the Middle East. Regardless of any new alliances between the Jewish and Muslim nations, Israel is lost in a sea of outright polarized middle-eastern diplomacy. And according to Scripture (think Revelation and Isaiah) it's not getting any better.
The Jewish nation of Israel is the only one on earth who's blessed land was given to man directly by God Himself. Likewise, by way of Providence, North America was destined to bless and hold those Christian faithful in safety. The land was transformed, and over time the political landscape shifted into a Christian-American nation. Therefore this original Christian-American nation is the only one on earth who's blessed land was given to man through Divine Providence and the love of God Himself.
Throughout my scholarly studies, I've learned that God blesses those individuals who sacrifice their own gratifications and wants for the greater good of mankind. The Christ-centered missionaries who wandered the wildernesses of North America were prominent in sewing the fabric of North American history. They are long forgotten about, but live on throughout literature. The American Founding Fathers were no different.
It is quite evident through their own achievements and undertakings in building America, that the distinct relationship between Israel and the United States of America plays into something unique. It is a bond so special that it lies in the heart of tradition. That is, a sacred bond bound to humanity both spiritually by God and by the laws of man. America and Israel will always, physically and in spirit, be united on earth.
Daniel L. Smith,
Was the Roman Empire really all that great and mighty? Sure it looked pretty, and worked out well for some lengthy amount of time. But in the end, who really made out well? I know that the pro-life and pro-abortion movements are running at equal speed today, so how does this all parallel Rome?
As I am writing out my manuscript for Providence and the North American Indian, I tend to run into many exciting events that occurred throughout history. I get this information from the root of its source. In doing so recently, I actually found some startling information on the Roman Empire towards its latter days. You see a lot of people these days comparing Rome to their own culture, especially its final collapse.
Well if you want to get into parallels about morals and ethics, how about we try this one on for size from the Preface (iv) of A Star in the West by Elias Boudinot, L. L. D. (Trenton, NJ. 1816):
Plutarch in his Morals, 1 vol. 96, says that [between 264-146 BC] the Lacedemonians [a regional Italian culture inside of the Roman Empire] murdered their children who were deformed or had a bad constitution. The Romans were allowed by Romulus to destroy all their female children, except the eldest. Human sacrifices were offered up in almost all the eastern countries [of the Roman Empire]. Children were burnt alive by their own parents, and offered to Baal, Moloch, and other pretended deities.
Mr. Hume says in his Essay on Political Science; the most illustrious period of the Roman history considered, in a political view, is that between the beginning of the first and the end of the last Punic war; yet at this very time, the horrid practice of poisoning was so common, that during part of a season, a praetor punished capitally, for this crime, above three thousand persons in 'a part of (enlightened) Italy and found information of this nature still multiplying.”
Interesting parallels to a modern day and age...
Daniel L. Smith,